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I think many women are very particular about what are the risk factors for miscarriage because they don’t want that what they have made will just put into waste, it’s a drastic and unacceptable event. So, what are those risk factors for miscarriage?

In medical factors pregnant woman have a greater chance of miscarriage if she gets pregnant when she’s more than 35 years old, having a known recurrent miscarriage cause like septate uterus, certain bacterial and viral infections during the period of pregnancy especially in early pregnancy, sexually transmitted disease, a known chronic medical illness, pregnant women who are obese and malnourished, and conceiving after infertility.

Risk Factors for Miscarriage

Risk Factors for Miscarriage

Moreover, lifestyle of a pregnant woman is also considered a great risk like using substance abuse, drinking alcohol, smoking, taking some herbs and drugs which are also known to be teratogenic and occupational exposures to chemicals.

Here are some other factors that possibly can contribute to cause of miscarriage such as high caffeine intake, chronic stress and anxiety and exposure to radiations. It’s been a wrong misconception of everybody if sexual intercourse can also cause miscarriage, well medical experts says that it cannot. All of these risk factors for miscarriage will be lessen if you go hand in hand, you help yourself by avoiding those avoidable factors that can cause miscarriage and of course have a regular prenatal check up to your obstetrician and follow that they say.

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Congratulations. You are just at the middle of your pregnancy adventure. The baby has finished half of his/her life within his/her mother’s body. Since this week, the fast brain development begins that will last until baby’s 5th age after birth. Five senses of smell, taste, hearing, sight, and touch have started to be active more than ever. Eyebrows and hair appear significantly. Fetus blinks its eyes frequently. Hairs called “lanugos” cover whole body, tough intensely on face and around neck. Heart pulses accelerate. In boys, testis started to come down to balls from abdominal area. If your baby is a girl, there should be almost 6 million ovary cells in her ovary at that stage. Since then new ovary cells will not form and at the time of birth the amount of ovary cells will decrease to around 1 million.  The motion of the baby will accelerate and become stronger. The weight of the baby will be around 250-450 gr. After this week, finishing of the pregnancy is called “premature birth” rather than “abortus”.  The ideal period for malformation ultrasonography in other words “second level ultrasonography” which analyzes all organs and heart of the baby, is 20th week. At this week, the top point of the uterus enlarges to the level of navel. After this week, it goes up almost 1 centimeter each week up to 38th week. After 38th week, since the baby lays down gradually to birth canal, the top point of uterus also goes down.  Around abdomen, there becomes a black line, between navel and inguinal area. This is called “linea nigra” and disappears after birth. Since some stretches in skin could be observed, it should be better to take some measures about it. The movements of the baby can be felt easily. Normally, the baby should move at least 2 times an hour. Even if the number of these movements is much higher actually, the mother candidate only feels movements strong enough for him.

pregnancy adventure

pregnancy adventure

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The surprise news of the week: your baby’s hair is growing. Thin and silky hairs begin to appear called “lanugos” on the head of your growing baby. These primitive hairs have been lost during the birth raising. Second important news is the beginning of your baby’s sucking his/her finger. Your physician will show you that your baby is sucking his/her finger by taking into his/her mouth under ultrasonography. Don’t worry, it will not mean that your baby will have the habit of sucking finger after birth. It is a reflex developed in womb.  There is no permanent rule that each baby will suck his/her finger in womb however, this is a very often case that we will come up with during ultrasonography. The skin of the baby is so thin at that period, so that veins under the skin can be visible. Your womb becomes rather larger. You can feel your uterus like a ball when you touch your abdomen. There can be a leakage called colostrum from your nipples. This is a normal situation.

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The fetus became more similar to a human yet. Eyes start to slide from the sides of the head to the center of the head. Ears move to their normal position. The gender of the baby can be determined easily when you look from outside. Nevertheless, it is too early to determine the gender by ultrasonography. Very rarely and by using high quality equipments, determining the gender could be possible at those weeks. The baby becomes taller. This week will the last week of the first trimester. The early symptoms and the initial complaints of the pregnancy have been almost disappeared. At this period, the candidates should not exhaust themselves and relax as much as it is possible. Uterus stretches as it becomes larger and it stretches the membranes which covers itself and keeps it in the ground. This can be perceived as a little crotch pain. This situation that is called “round ligament pain” is temporary and not important. The hormones that can affect everything in your body can also make some changes in your skin. Particularly there might be some patches in the skin and neck. This is called pregnancy mask or chloasma. This situation is also temporary and will become normal after the birth raising. Yet your tummy becomes bigger. The clothes which fit before cannot fit anymore. Now, it is time to purchase pregnancy clothes.

Pregnancy Week 13 images

Pregnancy Week 13 images

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Pregnancy Week 12 images

Pregnancy Week 12

In gingiva, places of teeth have been appeared. The face is like a human’s face. Within the mouth, upper palate begins to come together. Hair roots begin to form on the skin of the face. Vocal cords have finished their formation in the throat of fetus and theoretically fetus can sound.  Within the abdominal area, intestines have gone inside and action has already started. Liver has just to make secretion. And the bile made, has been stored in the gall bladder. Thyroid and pancreas have completed their formation. Insulin has been formed by secretion. In both genders, external genital organs have been formed completely, however in females, large and small lips, in males’ testis and penis can be realized by a careful look. Nails have been lengthened on hands and feet. Nerve system has been grown up, and reflexes have been improved in fetus. When we reached Week 12, uterus has continued to grow up to the upside and enter s abdominal area by going outside of pelvis. Since it will not make a serious pressure over bladder, the demand for toile has been decreased. This situation continues until the last three weeks. Headaches and vertigo complaints have been frequently observed. The hazard of abortus has been drastically decreased. When your doctor has explained this fact to you, like most of the mother candidates, you feel yourself more comfortable. Since gingiva have been adversely affected from pregnancy, it would be quite better to see your dentist for a common control. These weeks are quite convenient for dental controls.

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